Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Annual Forecast for Gulf Keystone (GKP) – 2020

Following months of bearish propensity in September to December 2019, Gulf Keystone stock (LSE:GKP) began to trend upwards in December. The uptrend effort was serious enough to result in a “buy” signal.

The market is really above the EMA 21; while the Williams’ % Range period 20 is into the overbought region. This supports the continuation of the dominant bias in the market, which is bullish.

There could be pullbacks/reversals in the market, which are supposed to be transient. The bullish movement is expected to continue, and buying pressure may lift the price towards the supply zones at 240, 260 and 280 this year. The supply zone at 280.00 may even be eventually discarded.

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities   

Buy and sell Perfect Money/Payeer/Epay; get funded quickly:

Annual Forecast for Facebook (FB) – 2020

Facebook shares (NASDAQ:FB) are a bull market despite the current short-term weakness. The current bullishness started in October 2019, as price grinds higher and higher, albeit with low momentum.

ADX 14 is at the level 20 (low momentum), and DM- is intertwined with DM+ as one is not clearly above the other. The market is not currently interesting.

However, MACD default parameters, has both its signal lines and histogram above the zero line. What remains is for the ADX and its DM – and DM+ to rise above the level 30, so that a Bullish Confirmation Pattern will form. This will signal a continuation of the bullish journey in the market, following the current pullback.

The condition in the preceding paragraph must be fulfilled for the bullishness in the market not to be threatened by any unexpected bearish threats.

The outlook on Facebook is generally bright for this year and price may target the resistance levels at 210.00, 230.00 and 250.00

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities 

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Europa Oil and Gas Plc price analysis: EOG begins a rally that may culminate in a Golden Cross

 Europa Oil and Gas shares (LSE:EOG) has started a strong rally in the context of an uptrend and that may result in a Golden Cross, i.e. when price crosses the EMA 200 to the upside.

4 EMAs are used for this analysis and they are EMAs 10, 20, 50 and 200. The color that stands for each EMA is shown at the top left part of the chart. From August till this month, price has been erratic and trending randomly in a clear downtrend.

While things are tough, bears had upper hands until December 2019.

However a brand-new rally has started and the market is now trading above the EMAs 10, 20 and 50, which themselves are also pointing upwards in support of the new rally. Price aims at the EMA 200, which may be breached any month from now. That would result in a Golden Cross.

The outlook on EOG is bullish, and the rally occurring in the market is clearly sustainable.

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities    

Buy and sell Perfect Money/Payeer/Epay; get funded quickly:

PZ Cussons sinks to a new low, further weakness is expected

PZ Cussons Plc stock (LSE:PZC) has sunk to a new low, plummeting towards the support level at 170.00. The bounce that follows is merely a ruse to deceive impatient bulls.

Price moved in a zigzag mode within the upper and lower Trendlines between October and December 2019, while it eventually moved below the lower Trendline, closing below it. The RSI period 14 is almost below the level 20 (the oversold region), and that shows a notable weakness in the market.

The fact that the market is oversold means that upwards bounces and rally attempts would happen occasionally, but they may not be sustainable because the overall trend in the market is bearish.

It is most probable that PZC would continue going downwards, reaching the support level at 170.00, 160.00 and 150.00.

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities 

Buy and sell Perfect Money/Payeer/Epay; get funded quickly:


Monday, December 16, 2019


Neteller is now available at N355/$.

You can now buy NETELLER @N355/$. 

If you buy a minimum of 100 USD, you get N355/$. If you buy less than 100 USD, you get N365/$. This is valid for all customers as well as our VIPs.

You can’t buy lower than 20 USD per transaction.

You can buy at these low rates and sell to others at higher rates and make money.

This promo expires on January 16, 2019.

NB: Many of you wanted to accumulate Neteller at low prices and this is your opportunity to do so. Our rates are the best and this is even a better deal. You may not need Neteller now, but you can get it now for storage, since the price is so cheap, so that you won’t need to get it at a high price when you eventually need it. Rates will soon go up!

To see our current rates, please visit

To fund and withdraw with Neteller, please visit:

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Rockfire Resources to continue shooting upwards

Rockfire Resources Plc stock (LSE:ROCK) is in a very strong bullish trend, having broken out in November 2019, following a frustrating sideways movement.

ADX period 14 is at the level 40, showing that the momentum in the market is very strong. DM+ is above DM-, showing that bulls have upper hands when compared to bears. MACD default parameters has its signal lines and histogram far above the zero line. This is a Bullish Confirmation Pattern and price is expected to continue sprinting skywards.

ROCK is close to the distribution territory at 3.00, and it may soon reach other distribution territories at 4.00 and 5.00 within the next several months. It may be a steady and slow movement or even a sprint.

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities 

Canadian Overseas Petroleum Limited price analysis: COPL moves sideways in apparent weakness, ready for a strong rally

Canadian Overseas Petroleum Limited shares (LSE:COPL) are currently consolidating, in apparent weakness. A breakout is imminent.

Looking at price more closely, it can be seen that the market is making weak attempts to rally, but that effort pales into insignificance when compared to the ongoing sideways movement. Bulls are intent on pushing price upwards but that feat is not easy to achieve, at least, for now.

The EMA 21 is kind of sloping downwards but not very vivid; while the Williams’ % Range period 20 is moving towards the overbought area (upside). Price itself is currently scaling the EMA, and it would inevitably settle above it.

Eventually, COPL will break out to the upside, and a strong, protracted bullish journey will resume.

Azeez Mustapha

Market Analyst, Trading Signals Provider and Coach

Trading realities: Trading realities 

Buy and sell Perfect Money/Payeer/Epay; get funded quickly:


Thursday, November 28, 2019

3 Best Trading Software of 2019 + How-to Guide

Are you a professional stock trader? Or did you get lured into the world of automated online trading because you read a random review that spoke a lot of different advantages of automated online trading? In either case, you must have certainly clicked on this link because you need to know more about trading software. Don’t worry; we’re going to refer to this exact topic in this entire article.

As you know, online automated trading robots have only been a very recent invention. If we consider the cryptocurrency trading robots, they have been more recent as compared to the other stock ones. But the progress that these platforms have made is quite commendable, and as such, it is essential that one refers to reviews before investing in any of these platforms

We say so because a number of these platforms work according to algorithms. However, all these algorithms are designed in such a way that they will always produce a profit even if the market is falling. But, sometimes if the market changes go in the wrong direction, the user might incur some losses. In this way, your hard-earned money might get lost. This is why in this article we are going to educate you a little bit about trading software.

So are you ready to know more? If yes, scroll over and begin reading!
How does trading software work?

Trading software is a program through which you can place your deals on a computer. This means that you do not have to go to a particular office and do your work physically. You only have to enter your details of the programme, and it would do the needful. The trading software will take all your information, get you the type of deal that you want to place and match you with a broker in your region.

Trading software can analyse the market changes in seconds. This is made possible through the algorithms that are fitted inside this trading software. These algorithms can detect the changes in the big data, which is a challenging job if performed by a human. This is why the need for automated trading software has been expanding like never before. Because these algorithms are fitted inside a computer, the chances of malpractices are reduced.

This means that the trader will be in contact with all the trade settings, but the computer will place the deals. As such, these trading platforms enable a person to trade seven times a week and 24 hours a day. This would not have been possible if there was a physical office where such a thing would take place. The trading software never sleeps, and all the job is done without any requirement of human effort. Isn’t it great?
What is a trading robot?

If you have read our reviews about several trading robots, you must have come across this term ‘bot’. We want to clear your confusion in this regard. If you are looking for a fully automated trading software, then it is sometimes referred to as a robot as well. This is because the fully automated trading software does not require any human assistance, and it does everything on its own.

If you choose such a robot, you will have to set all the required settings and leave it to the algorithms of the trading robot to place the deals. The only thing that you would be required to do is open and close the trading sessions. All the big data analysis, as well as research making, is done by the software, and you only have to sip your tea while watching your profits accumulate in your account.

How to access trading software?
Initially, there used to be a lot of problems while accessing trading software. This is because earlier, the automated mode was not available, and an average investor would not be able to open the trading software. This was a luxury that was provided to financial experts only. But now the trading scene is quite different. Due to the emergence of a variety of trading software, the accessing has become quite more simple.

Now, a trading software can be accessed in a few simple steps. All you have to do is navigate to the official website of any software or download the app. After doing so, you will have to make an account. After you are successfully registered, you will be matched with a broker in the country of your residence, and you will finally be able to access the trading software onto your screens. Isn’t that easy?

What are the two types of trading software?
You must have already known about the automated trading software. But don’t worry, we will elaborate some more. In an automated trading software, the algorithm, as well as the making of the program, does all the job that it requires to place a deal. The research is carried on by the software itself, and the user only has to open and close the trading sessions. This mode of choice is ideal for people who have no prior experience of trading.

The other mode that is available in trading software is that of manual mode. In such a case, the entire procedure is in the hands of the user. He can adjust the settings and place the deals according to himself. But in such a case if any loss happens, then, it is the whole responsibility of the trader. In such a case the win rate that is provided by software does not matter. This is why, in a manual mode, the user should invest the minimum amount.

What are some of the best trading software?
Our discussion regarding trading software will be incomplete if we do not discuss some of the most beautiful trading software available. Make sure to go over this list to help your decision-making.

Bitcoin Code:
In the category of the best cryptocurrency traders, Bitcoin Code has proven to be one of the best software available. Along with other software such as Bitcoin Trader and Bitcoin Loophole, the software have provided users with the highest possible win rate. The win rate of a majority of these software is around 97%, which means that out of a hundred such deals placed 97 of them will be profitable. If an inexperienced person invests in these platforms and earns hugely, then it is a great thing, and as such, we highly recommend these softwares.

Weed Millionaire:
if you are interested in trading Cannabis stocks, then Weed Millionaire and Cannabis Revolution are some of the best platforms available. You might feel shocked, but the concept of trading weed stocks is also a thing in the trading business. Moreover, the most profitable business these days is trading cannabis stocks considering its vast popularity. The softwares provide the maximum win-rate, which is why we highly recommend them to you.

Stock Master:
Are you a stock market enthusiast who wants to try a hand at automated online trading? If yes Stock Master will be the right choice for you. Stock master is one of the best softwares available for stock trading. It provides the best win rate available out there and comes with a variety of features including an excellent customer care service, quick withdrawals and deposits as well as well regulated brokers.

In our attempt to do away with any confusion about trading softwares we have listed out the most important things that you should look out while selecting yours. However, one thing that you should always make sure is that if you do not have any prior experience always invest the minimum. This way, you will be away from all the unnecessary losses and will only lose what you can afford to lose!


Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Factors that determine money doubling scams – Confidential

The 419 plan is that you send money to get 100% profits of what you send in less than 50 minutes.

They ask you to send more money once you send first amount.

They don’t have any website. Even if they do, they can pull it down.

They have no physical office.

They claim you cannot comment cause of spamming, but they often remove members (who can’t comment). Needless to say, those members have been scammed or realized they’re criminals and instead, they think his presence in the group is no longer needed.

They appear religious.

They use multiple phone numbers belonging to part of their groups to give fake testimony, to deceive people. Alerts shown are money from fools who send money to them. They’re not from investors who get paid.

You join them or they add you.

People should start massive campaigns against these idiots who come in different investment names.

The public should be warned.


This is a scam. They have duped many people.... Promising to double their money everyday.

If this was possible, every Nigerian would be rich.

They are smart liars and a group of fraudsters, who will do everything possible to convince you they're genuine and God-fearing.

Once they collect your money, they remove you from their group. You can't even comment so that others won't know they're criminals.

Those who share fake testimonies are part of a large group of the scammers... And they're the ones that can post.. In order to deceive people that this is real.

The alerts they show you are actually alerts of funds sent by their victims (mumus/magas, who want to become rich by having their monies doubled).

They're now targeting WhatsApp, Telegram, Facebook and Instagram, looking for victims to join them. The go as far as hacking social media accounts so that they can deceive and lure your friends and family by posting the scam business, as if you had tried and trusted them (thus ruining your reputation). Now ask yourself, would a legitimate business hack people’s accounts so that they can get more clients?

Would they add you to their groups without your consent?

 They have no websites and no offices...  Sometimes, their written English is terrible. Even if they do, they can always pull the websites and move offices and remove their SIMs.

You can only PM the admin that will eventually block you once they succeed in stealing your money.

And they are desperately looking for more victims.

Please run for your life.

Unlimited 100% Fixedgame – another scam business

This is another scam business on a WhatsApp group.

Their WhatsApp number is: +234 706 194 7833

They will look for your number and add you to their WhatsApp group without your permission. They will then ask you to leave the group if you don’t like what they’re doing.

The moderators are maniacal criminals who would quickly remove you from the group if you ever question what they do, and also private message you to abuse you (PM, DM, PC).

Unlimited 100% Fixedgame promises to give you numbers that win sports bets 100% of the time. They say you cannot lose because they have access to secrets of fixed matches.

But you need to send money to get the numbers to do sports betting games. Send money to them at your peril… They remove you quickly from their group afterwards.

Mission accomplished.

If they know numbers that could win 100% of the time, why can’t they and their family only play the game and become rich? Why must they spend a lot of time and energy persuading people to be rich?

These scoundrels use many means to dupe people, but it boils down to, “SEND MONEY TO RECEIVE MONEY.”

They have many cousins, like Assured Wealth Management, Lavita Ricca Investment, and others.  

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

All You Need To Know About Hedera Hashgraph

Hedera is said to be a decentralized public ledger that personalizes the digital world for its users in ways like never before. This technology goes beyond Blockchain for inventors to deliver applications that are fast, fair and secure.

Hedera Hashgraph was developed by Dr. Leemon Baird and Scientist Mande Harmon on July 2016. This game-changing invention was invented by the founders through the experiences and expertise they garnered after working on different projects including Swirlds, Trio Security and BlueWave Security. They also worked with the United States Air Force Academy.

Hedera runs on Hashgraph, which is an even better DLT alternative than the traditional Blockchain DLT and is more than adequate for mainstream and high scale use.

This program enables its users to interact and transact securely and efficiently online, without any third-party intermediary involvement, which could put the user’s sensitive information at risk.


What is the Difference Between Hedera Hashgraph and Other Blockchains?

For a better understanding of Hedera Hashgraph, let us examine the superiority this network has over traditional Blockchain.

Concerns have been raised about the capacity of Blockchain to handle the level of scaling necessitated by mainstream markets. It is mandated that large scale networks be capable of handling hundreds of thousands of transactions per second, but right now, prevailing Blockchain systems do not have such infrastructure in place to handle these requirements.

Hedera’s system, however, can handle up to 10,000 transactions in a second, while maintaining secure and efficient operations.

Hashgraph runs on a system that is Asynchronous Byzantine Fault Tolerant (ABTF), which makes it remarkably secure from cyber attacks like Sybil and DDoS. Hedera believes that this is an adequate security measure to be observed and that the consensus mechanism of other DLTs fails to achieve this.

Furthermore, a good number of public Blockchain systems do not have the necessary technical controls to make decisions, which could result in issues if the system was to have a glitch.

Concerns have also been raised on how public DLT systems should be regulated by well-regarded representatives from different sectors.

This is not the case with Hedera as they have a governance structure that is responsible for evaluating modifications made to the platform’s codebase, electing council managers and maintaining power equilibrium in the network’s corporation. According to Hedera, strong security and effective governance are keys to sustaining a stable system.


The HBAR and How It Functions

Hedera Hashgraph was primarily created to provide a reliable, productive and credible platform that caters to enterprise-grade applications, and not to operate as a cryptocurrency. Nevertheless, as with every other public DLT system, a native coin is necessary for the system to function. In this case, HBAR is the native coin for the Hedera platform and it fulfills two roles in the network which are:

1- Network fuel:
Developers use HBAR as means of exchange for network-related services like managing small contracts, storage of files, and exchanging cryptocurrencies. The HBAR token is also used as a tool for incentivizing and paying network nodes.
Developers can incorporate the HBAR into applications to carry out peer-to-peer payments as well as micropayments business models.

2- Network Protection:
Hedera’s proof-of-stake public system uses HBAR tokens, which are endowed to network nodes, to weigh network votes on transactions when approaching a consensus.
The weighted network voting system makes it incredibly costly and hard for ill-intentioned players to manipulate consensus.


Perks of Using HBAR Tokens

Impressive throughput:
The Hedera Hashgraph system can carry out 10,000 HBAR token transactions in just a second without compromising the security or durability of the network.

Discounted fees:
Hedera Hashgraph’s consensus is exceptionally lightweight which creates room for the cost of HBAR transactions to be low (roughly $0.0001 U.S. Dollar). Such transactional costs coupled with an excellent throughput make the HBAR micropayment a possibility.

Speedy transaction finality:
Hedera boasts of attaining finality on transactions within three to five seconds compared to Bitcoin which takes one minute or Ethereum which takes thirty to fifty seconds.

Economics of HBAR
Hedera’s treasury distributed its HBAR tokens on the 18th of September. 379 million tokens were given to investors who participated in the three-round capital raise that occurred in March up until August 2018. 1.95 million tokens were shared on the first day of launch to advisors, vendors and other related parties. The remaining 50 billion tokens will be distributed strategically by the network’s governing council over the next 15 years.

This release strategy will guarantee the security of Hedera’s proof-of-stake public network. This strategy will assist Hedera in achieving its vision of “maximum decentralization at scale”.

The HBAR listed for trading on twelve exchanges including OKEx, AlgoZ, Bering Waters, xfeatures, Galaxy Digital, Liquid, BitOda, OKCoin, Upbit, GSR, Bittrex and OSL. It can also be traded through over-the-counter desks.


HBAR Proxy Staking

Users and developers can purchase HBAR tokens from third-party outlets end companies such as exchanges and other transactional bodies that have decided to get integrated into Hedera’s ecosystem. The user can then use the HBAR token as a means of exchange for goods or services, and to pay other applicable transaction fees.

Users can also “proxy stake” the HBAR token to a network node. The proxy staking feature guarantees the maintenance of the security as well as the quality of the platform’s network operations while allotting a small percentage of the transaction fees to the proxy stakes. However, the proxy staking feature is yet to be made available.

Hedera’s Governing Council
Hedera is run by a system called the “Governing Council”. This ruling system consists of recognized bodies like IBM, Deutsche Telekom, TATA Communications, FIS, Nomura, Boeing, DLA paper, Swisscom Blockchain, Magulu, and Swirlds.
The governing council is set up in a manner that maintains a “rotating” council of about 39 enterprises specifically selected from an array of industries and geography. This rotational system ensures that there is always an equilibrium of power at any given time.


The Functionalities of the Governing Council

1- Direction of the codebase:
The members of the governing council all have equal votes when it comes to the direction of the software concerning public nodes, as well as the platform’s codebase.

2- No forking:
The consensus algorithm for Hashgraph is proprietary and has an open review code this creates a no-fork warranty for the network and its native coin. This helps to maintain the stability of development for app builders and to also guarantee long-term reliance on the network.

3- Initial network nodes:
Thousands of public nodes will join the network to promote its decentralized consensus and advancement. The governing council screens these nodes before they are integrated into the system.

4- Term limits and vote equality:
Members of the governing council are permitted to only have a three-year term at maximum with two successive terms after which they will be mandated to forfeit the post. However, this rule does not apply to Swirlds. Swirlds, as the creator of the Hashgraph algorithm, has a permanent seat with equal voting rights in the council.
Hedera preserves decentralization by distinguishing between governance and consensus. It was designed in that way to guarantee that the governing council continues to be competent at all times.
The council is also charged with the decision making responsibility on:

Management of the treasury to guarantee the safety of the network.
Provision of the legal necessities to serve the globals.
Regulation of mutability to handle data and legal compliance.
Provision of direction to the platform as well as the network’s node codebase.


Third Generation Distributed Ledger Technology

Bitcoin (first generation DLT) and Ethereum (second generation DLT) were the pioneering entities for decentralized infrastructure and programmability. They operate using a proof-of-work Blockchain which consumes a vast amount of work power and is slow to carry out transactions just so it can achieve acceptable levels of security. The intense levels of consumption of bandwidth by these networks make it expensive, which is exorbitant for simple cryptocurrency transactions.

Hedera, on the other hand, runs on a proof-of-stake public network that is backed by a Hashgraph algorithm and attains a very exceptional grade if security (ABTF) while providing incredibly fast transaction speeds and remarkably low bandwidth consumption.

Just as broadband technology was crucial in the early adoption of the Internet, there have been proclamations that the third-generation DLT is indeed the broadband moment for cryptocurrency.

Other innovations like Facebook’s Libra are signs that the third-generation era is already upon us.

Libra unlike other cryptocurrencies, is a global currency and will have a stable nature. The prospects of Libra has caused unrest in regulatory bodies around the globe and has made them take a negative stand against the progress of the technology. However, Libra does not seem to be deterred by this opposition and is still set to launch on the proposed date.


Decentralized Company Apps on Hedera

Hedera features over 500 decentralized company apps ranging from innovative startups to well established global enterprises. A few of these companies are Armada, Certara, Earth.ID, earth tile, Power transition,, ecclesia, Ads Dax, Alto, Attestiv, Binsignia, Block.Red, Carbon, Zeux, Zabo, and Otarfy.



Hedera is the future of public decentralized ledger technology thanks to the combination of outstanding throughputs and cheap fees. There’no denying that Hedera Hashgraph is a force to be reckoned with.


Monday, November 25, 2019

All You Need to Know About Telegram TON Blockchain

When we talk about cryptocurrency and Blockchain technology, we should be witnessing an infectious adoption on a global scale. These technologies can further enhance self-governance, thereby improving the security in the world. The obvious ensuing step that should be taken is a mainstream adoption of this technology.

There are a good number of reasons why mainstream adoption hasn’t been achieved yet. One of these reasons is that cryptocurrency and Blockchain inventors are yet to create a singular product that can function as a sort of Blockchain ecosystem. Such a product is sure to gain acceptance on a global scale.

This is the concept the Telegram Open Network is aiming to achieve. This guide aims to educate the reader on what the Telegraph Open Network (TON) is and how it is positioning itself to achieve global mainstream adoption.

What Is Telegram Open Network (TON)?
The Telegram Open Network will be a game-changer for social messaging. The Blockchain is a project born of social media behemoth, Telegram, which will be launched at the end of October.

So far, a total of $1.7 billion has been raised in funding for this project through 200 private investors via an Initial Coin Offering. This project can be a very lucrative venture for new investors to hop on considering the insane amount of users that the platform has. One of the major focuses of this project will be on Blockchain scaling. Blockchain scaling has lasting issues stalking the crypto space and TON claims to have the remedy to this.

The major challenge facing Existing Blockchains is its inability to scale enough to process large amounts of transactions suitable for mass adoption.

TON is also planning to provide adequate security for users. The primary goal of this technology is to boost cryptocurrency adoption across the globe and this would be impossible if they fail to provide round-the-clock security and insurance for its users. The decentralized nature of TON is going to be of great essence to this cause.

The Telegram Open Network project is not some other conventional ICO. This technology is also not built on any pre-existing Blockchain, instead, TON comes with its very Blockchain, the TON Blockchain. This system also has its cryptocurrency, GRAM coin, its consensus mechanism, and its virtual machine.

The native coin, GRAM, can be utilized for several functions on the Blockchain including micro-payments, providing access to DApps, payment of fees and also, generating value for messages via the Telegram Messenger app.

This Blockchain boasts of being able to facilitate transactions in a matter of seconds with limited or no charges. The TON platform comprises of a Blockchain and 292 supplementary networks. The Blockchain will possess the ability to support “sharding technology”, which is guaranteed to improve transaction speeds.

Sharding is a method for splitting the whole network into a bunch of compartments called shards, that incorporate their autonomous piece of state and transaction history. The central principle behind sharding is to conduct transactions in a parallel manner to distinguish data into several small Blockchains that can communicate with one another.

The public Blockchain also features a decentralized application platform and a peer-to-peer sharing and hosting economy.

In the Telegram Open Network’s white paper statement, the Company is planning on merging the messaging app platform with a wide array of other characteristics. The function will be most useful for knowledgeable crypto users.

History of TON
Back in 2013, some tech enthusiasts yearned to create a system that offers freedom by way of encryption. This was the desire that makes TON a reality today. TON was created to sustain a stringent independent nature and also to be a not-for-profit entity. The company followed in the of its mentor, Wikipedia, by creating a ‘.org’ domain to accentuate its non-commercial nature even further.

Telegram is an instant messaging cloud-based voice-over-IP service that was created by Telegram Messenger LLP. The founding fathers of the company are Pavel Durov and Nikolai Durov.

The ideology of substantial decentralization by the founding fathers is also witnessed in the physical foundation of TON. The company makes use of a server design that is scattered across several independent server clusters to guarantee data encryption.

Due to impressive features like encryption, speed, and autonomy, Telegram witnessed an extensive reception from millions of users in just a few months after its release. Subsequently, Telegram has evolved into a system that grosses over 12 updates in a year. In the first quarter of 2016, the system had 100 million active users and was delivering as much as 15 billion messages daily.

In the last quarter of 2017, the system received 170 million new users and was delivering as much as 70 billion messages daily basis. As of March of 2018 Telegram had 200 million active users. As of today, 500,000 users are added to the platform daily basis. Experts claim that these figures are only going to continue growing exponentially manner over the years.
Telegram says it is planning on using these remarkable figures to facilitate the widespread adoption of its cryptocurrency.

Features of TON
Information about the protocol as well as information about validators and their balances are stored on the Blockchain. Unlike most cryptocurrencies, GRAM does not provide support for mining, instead, the validity of transactions on the platform are determined by ‘validators’ who receive a small commission for every completed task.

There are also ‘working’ Blockchains which enables the user conduct smart contracts. These Blockchains are configured with different rules and make use of various Virtual Machines to execute the smart contracts.

Based on its white paper release, the Telegram Open Network will have several components including:

1- TON proxy:
This is a mechanism on the network that will help users mask their identities and create a decentralized virtual private network (VPN) to guarantee online privacy. This mechanism is done in a bid to ensure that the services being provided, including Telegram, has adequate protection form censorship.

2- TON storage:
This is described as a file storing mechanism used for the storage of arbitrary files that possess torrent-like access technology and contracts used to implement availability.

3- TON services:
This is an inaugurated platform that will be used to guarantee decentralized browsing experience and also for smart contracts.

This feature will allow for access to available decentralized services to its users by designating accounts with human-readable labels.

5- TON payments:
This will provide support for instant off-chain payments within the network. It also features in-built safeguards to ensure security when conducting transfers, making sure that these transactions are as secure as on-chain transactions.

6- TON virtual machine:
This is the mechanism that facilitates smart contracts on the network.

What Is GRAM Cryptocurrency?
For a Blockchain to function properly, there has to be a native cryptocurrency. Telegram has issued GRAM as the base cryptocurrency for TON. This coin will function mainly as part of the in-app ecosystem on Telegram and will be used as a means for payment. The external use of this coin is still yet to be confirmed.

GRAM is built on a proof-of-stake protocol and protected using “smart contracts”. This will allow the network to conduct up to 10 million transactions per second. Furthermore, The GRAM coin can be used for the following purposes:

Payment for in-built services delivered by DApps.
It can be used to pay for the storage and security and security of data in a decentralized manner.

To pay for the registration of Blockchain domain names as well as for hosting whatever TON-related sites.

To pay for the masking of identities and IP addresses, from specified viewers to improve on privacy even further.

To pay for the avoidance of censorship that internet service providers normally enforce.

To pay for digital and physical assets sold by brokers inside the TON ecosystem or on other TON-related projects.

With regards to the business model practiced by TON, their services are free for its users, in what TON calls a ‘Freemium’.

Potential Competitor
The obvious competition TON will be faced with is Facebook’s cryptocurrency project, Libra.

Libra is a platform that will conduct almost the same functions as the Telegram Open Network. Libra’s major aims are to, first, manufacture a singular digital currency that will achieve global adoption. The second primary aim is to create a facilitates domestic and international financial transactions on a basic mobile interface. This system will be built on a Blockchain architecture capable of achieving great speeds, security, and scalability. It also plans on achieving a fully decentralized system as time goes by.

These are goals that TON has also set for itself. Though they both have different characteristics, it is obvious that they share similar qualities. This has caused experts to believe that these entities will exhibit intense competition when they are launched. Whether these Blockchain giants become rivals or not doesn’t matter. What matters is that they receive extensive adoption on the global front and bring more advancements to cryptocurrency and Blockchain technology.

With the headway TON has been gathering, it is expected that this product will receive an extensive adoption globally.


Sunday, November 24, 2019

Best Bitcoin Exchanges – Cryptocurrency Trading Websites for 2019

As more and more people are becoming increasingly interested in trading cryptocurrencies, and with the existence of numerous thriving cryptocurrency exchanges, it is necessary to assist these newcomers in selecting a suitable cryptocurrency exchange. This is the aim of this article.

This article is an insightful guide, covering analysis of the top Bitcoin cryptocurrency exchanges in the market presently and is directed to people looking to gain a base knowledge about cryptocurrency exchanges and also for other cryptocurrency enthusiasts.

Before we go into the details of the top-ranking cryptocurrency exchanges for trading Bitcoin and altcoins, we need to first understand what a cryptocurrency exchange is.

What Is a Bitcoin Cryptocurrency Exchange?
A Bitcoin cryptocurrency exchange is an online platform where Bitcoins and other altcoins are bought and sold by matching buyers with sellers. Just like every other commodity, the price of Bitcoin is determined by supply and demand. There are Bitcoin exchanges spread across the globe, which provides support to different users across regions. There are numerous functions carried out by crypto exchanges, however, most of them possess varying functions.

Some exchanges approve fiat currency-based transactions while others carry out the only cryptocurrency. Some Bitcoin exchanges are supervised by regulatory bodies while others are not. It is worth mentioning though that a good cryptocurrency exchange should allow for supervision from the authorities to ensure that its users’ funds and information are protected. Some exchanges don’t sell Bitcoins at any cryptocurrency for that matter, rather they create a means for their users to make “bets” on price fluctuations of a cryptocurrency.
There is a truckload of Bitcoin exchanges to choose from and this guide will make it easier for the reader to make a decision.

Questions to Answer Before Choosing a Bitcoin Exchange

1- Is the exchange affordable?
When choosing an exchange, you have to look out for the costs of using that platform. If an exchange charges excessive fees per trade and you just happen to be a frequent trader, it means that you will be spending a whole lot on commission fees and this could eat into your profits. You also need to find out how much is charged for overnight fees, withdrawal fees as well as deposit charges.

2- Is the exchange compliant with regulations?
You also have to find out if the exchange you plan on adopting governed by regulatory agencies. The reason for this is to ensure that the exchange is obeying the set rules by the authorities thereby protecting you, the user, from negative market occurrences like hacks, market manipulation and so on. Some of this regulatory body include the CySec and the FCA.
3- Do they have responsive customer service?
This is a very important aspect of selecting an exchange. You want to make sure that the exchange you’re using has an active customer care service to assist you in times of uncertainty or confusion.
4- Is the exchange highly liquid?
You need to find out if your desired exchange has a constant inflow of liquidity so your transactions can be carried out without much delay. In a situation where liquidity is poor, facilitating transactions will be very problematic which could render the trader stranded
5- Is it available for your location?
You need to find an exchange that renders services to your locality. Also, you need to make sure that the exchange remains accessible even in an event where they change location.
6- Is the exchange site trustworthy?
Be sure to always look out for indications of authenticity and trustworthiness of the exchange website.
7- Are they offering professional trading on your behalf?
It should be noted that any crypto exchange platform that is promising to offer you “professional trading services” for a fee or whatever reason, is a sham and as such should be avoided at all costs.

Best Bitcoin Sites for 2019
Now that we know what to look out for before choosing an exchange, let us look at a suitable platform with their features, advantages, and disadvantages. In no particular order, listed below is the 2019 best cryptocurrency exchange/site.

CryptoRocket is an offshore brokerage which is owned by CryptoRocket Limited and is registered and situated at St. Vincent and the Grenadines. This platform uses a MetaTrader 4 trading system and it offers a variety of assets ranging from forex to stocks, cryptocurrencies, indices and a hist of other assets for its users to trade on. The cryptocurrency section offers trades on Bitcoin, Monero, Zcash, Ethereum, Tron and a lot more.

Pros and Cons
It offers a great variety of cryptocurrencies and other assets to choose from.
It doesn’t require excessive verification procedures.
It has a delightful user-friendly interface.
It requires zero fees on deposits, withdrawals, and other transactions.
There are no cryptocurrency wallets available on this platform.
It has limited payment options.
It currently does not operate in a lot of countries including the United States.

Binance is a Hong Kong-based cryptocurrency exchange previously situated in China, where they subsequently moved to Japan, Taiwan, and finally Malta in search of a more suitable national regulation. Binance is the largest cryptocurrency trading platform in the world, as regards volume. Binance offers a wide array of cryptocurrencies available for trade including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, and their native coin BNB.

Pros and Cons
It doesn’t require excessive verification to trade cryptocurrencies. Just your email will do.
It allows cryptocurrency deposits as well as fiat currencies.
It offers a great selection of up-to-date cryptocurrencies.
Binance is the most targeted exchange from hackers and phishers.
Verification becomes slow when looking for extended limits.

Coinbase is an American-based fiat-cryptocurrency exchange that accepts US dollars, as well as other specific fiat currencies, in exchange for Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Ethereum Classic, Bitcoin Cash, and Ripple. Coinbase is a very sort after crypto exchange because of its wide availability and its user-friendly platform. However, Coinbase is among the most costly Bitcoin exchanges to use. This is a result of the impressive level of investor protection they offer their customers.

Pros and Cons
In Coinbase, you own the Bitcoin or the crypto asset you’re buying on the exchange.
There is no need to make deposits of funds when you want to buy Bitcoin (for instance those who use credit cards).
The Coinbase platform has a user-friendly interface and is easy to understand by newbies.
Also, on Coinbase, the fees required for credit card transactions are very low.
The trading fees charged by Coinbase are relatively higher compared to those charged by other top cryptocurrency exchanges.
The credit card charges are also relatively high compared to other top exchanges.

24Options is one of the best trading platforms for Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. This platform gained a great deal of fame when they carried out a market strategy that involved supporting and sponsoring a football giant, Juventus. 24Option trades traditional cryptocurrencies as well as CFDs. The platform, which has an impressive user-friendly interface, also trades other assets including stocks, commodities, and forex. 24Option has indicated interest in exploring Cannabis stocks, which is currently a booming sector in the global markets.

Pros and Cons
They accept payment methods from electronic wallets, credit and debit cards, as well as bank transfers.
They adhere to regulations set by regulatory authorities (CySec, FCA) which ensures the protection of the user, in this case, you, from unfavorable events in the market.
The platform allows a minimum deposit of $100 US dollars, making it favorable for those looking to test the platform with a small amount before fully investing in it.
It has different account levels which are very expensive.
It is not operational in many countries around the world, including the United States.

Coinmama is a cryptocurrency exchange that was created as well as became fully operational in early 2013. This exchange is available globally as it provides services to as many as 188 countries. It became popular in 2017 when it was discovered as one of the exchanges with the fastest purchasing processes in trading Bitcoin and other altcoins using a debit or credit card.

Pros and cons
It is readily accessible to a wide range of locations.
Credit cards, debit cards, and bank transfer payment methods are accepted by this exchange.
Coinmama continuously tries to expand the cryptocurrency pairs it offers.
It is a very expensive exchange platform to use.
It restricts users from selling back their cryptocurrencies.

Bittrex is another major American-based cryptocurrency exchange that enables trades on hundreds of altcoins including Bitcoin. Bittrex used to be the lowest charging exchange in the industry with a fee of 0.25 percent per trade until Binance came into play. However, Bittrex is still one of the best options when it comes to routine buying and selling as well as providing access to several “obscure” altcoins.

Pros and Cons
Bittrex has a very strong trading selection, and they consistently provide useful updates to the platform to keep abreast of the ever-increasing advancements in Blockchain technology.
It charges decent commission rates for executed transactions.
It is quite expensive for customers who trade frequently.

Gemini exchange was founded by the Winklevoss Twins in October 2015. Cameron and Tyler Winklevoss gained their popularity when they sued Mark Zuckerberg over Facebook. Gemini is a very solid crypto exchange that offers cheap fees, advanced order type and a varied selection of altcoin. Gemini is based in New York and is striving to attain the highest level of FinTech licensing that the state can grant. This makes Gemini a sort after platform for both institutional and individual investors to trade Bitcoin and other altcoins.

Pros and Cons
Gemini exchange is considered to be affordable for a fiat-inclusive exchange.
It offers very trustworthy and secure services.
It enables fiat deposits and withdrawals.
Gemini is a high volume exchange thereby ensuring that the user transactions/trades can always be carried.
Gemini is also easy to use and understand.
There is a limited option for trading altcoins.
The platform doesn’t enable mobile support.
It doesn’t allow for margin trading.
The only fiat currency it accommodates is the US dollar.

Bitfinex, founded in 2012, is one of the oldest cryptocurrency exchanges and has its headquarters in Hong Kong. This exchange accounts for a substantial amount of the daily volume of Bitcoin and other altcoins around the globe. Bitfinex offers margin trading and lending across about 263 crypto assets which include crypto-to-crypto pairs and crypto-to-fiat pairs, thanks to its BVI entity. Unfortunately, this exchange is not available to United States citizens. Bitfinex boasts of having one of the strongest user interfaces among crypto exchanges.
Though this exchange was involved in the unaudited growth of Tether and other scandals, Bitfinex has mended its ways by avoiding scandalous activities and by providing a high quality of service to its customers.

Pros and Cons
It has a complex yet intuitive trading platform.
It has a strong selection of cryptocurrency assets including Bitcoin for its users to choose from.
It doesn’t support mobile use.
It is unavailable in the United States.

Kraken is a Canadian-based crypto exchange which has a strong selection of altcoins and offers a wide array of trading options. They also offer margin and leverage trade. Kraken seems to be struggling with advancing with market trends, but it still tries to keep up in one way or the other. Even though Kraken struggles with high trading volume on some days, it still functions as it should.

The CEO of Kraken, Jesse Powell is advocates the good customer service promised by the platform by being publicly active on social media and responds to inquiries and criticism by customers.

Pros and Cons
It provides margin and leverage trading.
It has a very strong customer service system.
It supports trading of a good selection of crypto assets including Bitcoin.
It has a slow-paced development process.

ShapeShift is among an important class of exchanges that instantaneously provides liquidity for crypto-traders without requiring any identification from these traders. ShapeShift has been integrated into a selection of trading wallets for inter-wallet trading.

This exchange is concerned about its customers’ convenience and is an exchange that will always be consistent with its services.

Pros and Cons:
ShapeShift is a very convenient exchange.
It has a strong online presence and is available in popular wallets.
It is costly to utilize.
It has liquidity related issues on rare occasions.

Changelly is another exchange that provides instant liquidity for traders on the go. Just like ShapeShift, Changelly’s API brings speedy trading to different wallets as well as other crypto applications. This kind of exchange fills a very important section of the crypto industry.

Pros and Cons:
Just like ShapeShift, Changelly is also a very convenient crypto exchange.
It is built into popular cryptocurrency applications.

It is equally costly to utilize.
It faces occasional liquidity issues.

KuCoin has been dubbed the Binance clone by some because it offers many of the benefits that come with Binance; discounted fees, cheap trading with proprietary crypto, and it provides a wide selection of assets.

Whether this exchange is a Binance copycat or not, it sure provides an excellent trading platform for its users.

Pros and Cons
It provides cheap fees to its users.
It provides access to a good number of coins as well as “obscure” coins.

It is feared as not adequately regulated.

All in all, Binance trumps every other exchange in the aspect of affordability. In Binance, traders are charged a measly 0.10 percent for every by or sell order. This figure is way lower than the industry average. To make it even more unbelievable, Binance offers a 50 percent discount (0.05 percent) for traders using the exchange’s native coin, BNB. Even though other copycat exchanges try to mimic the payment structure of Binance, they never seem to attain better pricing.

However, some CFD brokerage like Robinhood offers a zero charge trading fee (0.0 percent), although these companies make their money from spreads and other subtle means. This means that the traders still pay a fee, they just don’t notice it.

So What Exactly is a CFD?
A CFD (Contracts For Difference) is a category of a cryptocurrency exchange that does not sell any cryptocurrency asset instead, CFD brokerages create a means for users to “bet” on the price of Bitcoin and other altcoins. CFDs are the way to go for traders looking to trade Bitcoin without having to deal with the stress that comes with owning a Bitcoin asset.

However, the stakes are higher when it comes to CFDs. It is easier to lose one’s trading capital on a CFD. Only experienced and adept traders are advised to venture into CFD trading. So, if you want to trade the real thing, go with a conventional Bitcoin exchange and not a CFD.

Categories of Bitcoin Exchanges
There are two distinct categories of Bitcoin exchanges; centralized and decentralized. Simply put, centralized exchanges are exchange platforms that approve the use of fiat currency (US dollars, British Pounds, Japanese Yen) as a means of payment, while decentralized are those that accept only cryptocurrencies as means of payment.

Characteristics of Centralized and Decentralized Exchanges
Centralized exchanges are very compliant with stringent rules and regulations. This exchange also provides a higher level of security to its investors as compared to other exchanges.
However, centralized exchanges have a limited range of services that they offer.
Unlike centralized exchanges, decentralized exchanges offer a wider variety of services to its customers. Also, they don’t adhere to strict rules and regulations proffered by regulatory bodies. However, this feature leaves it open to several fraudulent activities and renders it susceptible to hacks.

Final Thought
There are a plethora of cryptocurrency platforms in existence today. Some of these platforms should never be explored because they can leave you susceptible to hacks and fraudulent losses. This guide is intended to be an eye-opener for the reader and to help the reader navigate through cryptocurrency exchange selection.